Ecodesign for durable goods

Ecodesign for durable goods
© thingamajiggs, image #62182991, 2017, source:
Energy, Water, Waste, Carbon
All sectors
Annual saving:
5 - 50 %
Payback time:
1 - 10 Year(s)
Resource savings: Energy:
Buying efficient appliances, instead of 'standard' ones, can save households annually around 8 900 kWh of primary energy (e.g. gas boiler) and 500 kWh of electricity (e.g. used by TV, fridge, washing machine, and lighting); a corresponding total energy differential between 'standard' and 'efficient' models of around 50 %
Associated cost savings: Energy:
20 - 50%
Total cost savings:
Costs and benefits depend on the type of durable goods and the complexity of product and process modifications
Premises and operation areas:
Office management, Office building, Production building, Production processes, Supply operations, Waste and recycling
Size of company:
Micro (less than 10), Small (less than 50), Medium (less than 250), Large (more than 250)
Advancement in applying resource efficiency measures:
Intermediate, Advanced
What is the business case of this measure?:
  • Cost savings
  • Material savings
  • Increase of recycling rate
  • Additional business opportunities via introducing repair and remodelling services
What is in it for you:
Save on materials, options to use secondary or greener substitutes. Improve environmental image. Production efficiency gains.
Descriptive information:

Durable products designed with sustainability considerations, or ecodesigned, offer many advantages both to the company and the environment. Ecodesign takes into account the full life-cycle of products, from conception to design and development, to construction, packaging and end-of-life considerations including reuse, reparation and/or recycling. 

Significant savings can be achieved in raw materials, pre-products, operating resources and additives, as well as in water and energy use. The following aspects are key for resource-efficient products:

  • Reducing component diversity: acquisition, material management, production engineering, manufacturing and services
  • Employing lean processes and lightweight materials: reduce material and energy use, save on transport cost, etc.
  • Recycled and secondary raw materials: reduce product carbon footprint, use substitute material, renewables and other materials suited to non-critical applications 
  • Extending product life-cycle: robust design and extended lifetime of individual components as well
  • Designing for reparability: easily disassembled and assembled by the user or repair services, replaceable components available on the market   
  • Optimising production: eleminates unnecessary features, steps and process costs (see also lean and lightweight meterials) 
  • Rapid prototyping: incorporates new technolgies and techniques like 3D printing 

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